Sarajevo Under Siege - Serbian Aggression
The Siege of Sarajevo is the longest siege of a capital city in the history of modern warfare. Serb forces of the so-called “Republika Srpska” and the Yugoslav People's Army besieged Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, from April 5, 1992 to February 29, 1996 during the Bosnian War.
After Bosnia and Herzegovina had declared independence from Yugoslavia, the Serbs, whose strategic goal was (and still is) creation of the "Greater Serbia", which would include (in the ideal development) entire territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina and most of Croatia, or ,in the backup plan of the process, a good half of the Bosnia and Herzegovina - today's (and Dayton's) "Republika Srpska" - an oxymoron and political entity within an entity, encircled Sarajevo with a siege force of 18,000 soldiers and Serbian irregulars, stationed in the surrounding hills, from which they assaulted the city with weapons that included artillery, mortars, tanks, anti-aircraft guns, heavy machine-guns, multiple rocket launchers, rocket-launched aircraft bombs, and sniper rifles. From May 2, 1992, the Serbs blockaded the city.
The Bosnian government defense forces inside the besieged city were poorly equipped and unable to break the siege.It is estimated that nearly 10,000 people were killed or went missing in the city, including over 1,500 children. An additional 56,000 people were wounded, including nearly 15,000 children. The 1991 census indicates that before the siege the city and its surrounding areas had a population of 525,980. Prior to the siege, the population of the city proper was about 435,000. The current estimates of the number of persons living in Sarajevo range between 300,000 and 380,000 residents.
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